Ultrasound Abdomen  Flashcards. Read the Question then click “show answer” to see the answer.

Abdomen Flash Cards

Question 1
Artifactual echoes resulting from too much gain rather than from true anatomic structures.
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Question 1 Explanation: 
Noise
Question 2
Helps to increase the intensity and narrow the width of the beam at a chosen depth.
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Question 2 Explanation: 
Focusing
Question 3
For fun. This question is a great conversation starter. Which organs can we live without?
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Question 3 Explanation: 
Spleen, Gallbladder, Appendix, Uterus, Ovaries, Scrotum, Prostate, One Kidney, Thyroid, both Breasts, Some Lymph nodes. some blood vessels and a sizable portion of the liver.
Question 4
In the coronal imaging plane, it is the top of the screen.
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Question 4 Explanation: 
Lateral
Question 5
Higher frequency = ______ penetration?
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Question 5 Explanation: 
Lower
Question 6
Courses along the falciform ligament.  Connects the left portal vein to other collateral vessels near the umbilicus.  This vein is only seen in the setting of portal hypertension.
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Question 6 Explanation: 
Paraumbilical Vein
Question 7
You have a four month old that presents with abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, and a palpable abdominal mass. What is the most likely pathology?
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Question 7 Explanation: 
Intussusception These are the signs and symptoms of intussusception
Question 8
The IMA supplies blood to these four organs.
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Question 8 Explanation: 
Left transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid and rectum
Question 9
An artifact that results from a strong echo returning from a large acoustic interface to the transducer.  This echo returns to the tissues again, causing additional echoes parallel to the first.
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Question 9 Explanation: 
Reverberation
Question 10
Frequency is directly proportional to _______?
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Question 10 Explanation: 
Resolution
Question 11
The "Seagull Sign" is seen where?
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Question 11 Explanation: 
Arising from the aorta at the origin of the hepatic and splenic artery.
Question 12
In transverse imaging plane, it is the top of the screen.
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Question 12 Explanation: 
Anterior
Question 13
Frequency is indirectly proportional to ________?
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Question 13 Explanation: 
Penetration
Question 14
A potential space located between the liver edge and right kidney is called what?
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Question 14 Explanation: 
Morison's pouch
Question 15
The SMA supplies blood to these two areas.
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Question 15 Explanation: 
The Small Intestine and the Proximal Colon.
Question 16
In transverse imaging plane, it is the right side of the screen.
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Question 16 Explanation: 
Patient's Left
Question 17
Arises just below the liver from the anterior aorta and is usually only 2 to 3 cm in length.
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Question 17 Explanation: 
Celiac Artery (axis, trunk)
Question 18
A cystic mass found between the umbilicus and bladder.
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Question 18 Explanation: 
Urachal Cyst
Question 19
An aortic aneurysm is identified when the aorta is over ______ cm's or larger in any dimension.
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Question 19 Explanation: 
3
Question 20
A unit used to express the intensity of amplitude of sound waves; does not specify voltage.
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Question 20 Explanation: 
Decibel (dB)
Question 21
Ascites is most commonly seen in these two areas.
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Question 21 Explanation: 
Peri-colic gutters and Morrison's Pouch
Question 22
These result from the separation of the intima layer from the aorta.
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Question 22 Explanation: 
Dissections
Question 23
Dissections can lead to excrutiating chest pain and can extend into what?
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Question 23 Explanation: 
The Carotid Artery
Question 24
Descriptive term for the amount of transducer face in contact with the patient.
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Question 24 Explanation: 
Footprint. i.e. a small-head transducer has a small footprint.
Question 25
A device capable of converting energy from one form to another.  The term is used to refer to the crystal and the surrounding housing.
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Question 25 Explanation: 
Transducer
Question 26
In the longitudinal imaging plane (sagittal), it is the right side of the screen.
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Question 26 Explanation: 
Inferior/caudal
Question 27
A cyst within a cyst (daughter cysts) is a classic example of which of the following liver masses?
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Question 27 Explanation: 
Echinococcal (hydatid) cyst
Question 28
Name two types of aortic aneurysms.
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Question 28 Explanation: 
Fusiform and Saccular
Question 29
A structure that has both fluid-filled (echo-free) and solid (echogenic) areas.
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Question 29 Explanation: 
Complex
Question 30
A re-cannalized paraumbilical vein may be seen as a result of what condition?
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Question 30 Explanation: 
portal hypertension
Question 31
What is the normal measurement for the pancreatic duct (Wirsung's duct)?
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Question 31 Explanation: 
<2mm
Question 32
This normal renal variant can easily be mistaken for a solid renal mass.
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Question 32 Explanation: 
Enlarged Column of Bertin
Question 33
In the coronal imaging plane, it is the bottom of the screen.
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Question 33 Explanation: 
Medial
Question 34
Lower frequency = ______ penetration?
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Question 34 Explanation: 
Higher
Question 35
At the hilum of the liver, the portal vein, hepatic artery, and bile duct comprise what area?
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Question 35 Explanation: 
Porta Hepatis
Question 36
Peritoneal fluid is called what?
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Question 36 Explanation: 
Ascites
Question 37
In transverse imaging plane, it is the left side of the screen
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Question 37 Explanation: 
Patient's Right
Question 38
Which renal artery is loger? Sometimes it may be see posterior to the IVC.
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Question 38 Explanation: 
Right Renal Artery
Question 39
A gallbladder packed with stones could potentially cast this distinct ultrasound sign.
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Question 39 Explanation: 
WES (Wall - Echo - Shadow)
Question 40
Another name for an accessory spleen.
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Question 40 Explanation: 
Splenule and/or splenunculus
Question 41
An encapsulated collection of urine is called what?
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Question 41 Explanation: 
Urinoma
Question 42
In the longitudinal imaging plane (sagittal), it is the left side of the screen.
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Question 42 Explanation: 
Superior/cephalic
Question 43
_____ cm or larger aneurysms are indicated for repair.
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Question 43 Explanation: 
5
Question 44
In transverse imaging plane, it is the bottom of the screen.
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Question 44 Explanation: 
Posterior
Question 45
Higher frequency = ________ resolution
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Question 45 Explanation: 
Higher
Question 46
One of the main reasons to perform a Chest Sonogram is to evaluate for what?
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Question 46 Explanation: 
Pleural Effusion
Question 47
Lower frequency = _______ resolution
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Question 47 Explanation: 
Lower
Question 48
In the longitudinal imaging plane (sagittal), it is the bottom of the screen.
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Question 48 Explanation: 
Posterior
Question 49
In the longitudinal (sagittal) imaging plane, it is the top of the screen
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Question 49 Explanation: 
Anterior
Question 50
A patient with a leaking aneurysm will present with pain where?
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Question 50 Explanation: 
In the back.
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