Ultrasound Abdomen  Flashcards. Read the Question then click “show answer” to see the answer.

Abdomen Flash Cards

Question 1
A gallbladder packed with stones could potentially cast this distinct ultrasound sign.
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Question 1 Explanation: 
WES (Wall - Echo - Shadow)
Question 2
An aortic aneurysm is identified when the aorta is over ______ cm's or larger in any dimension.
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Question 2 Explanation: 
3
Question 3
In the longitudinal (sagittal) imaging plane, it is the top of the screen
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Question 3 Explanation: 
Anterior
Question 4
One of the main reasons to perform a Chest Sonogram is to evaluate for what?
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Question 4 Explanation: 
Pleural Effusion
Question 5
The "Seagull Sign" is seen where?
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Question 5 Explanation: 
Arising from the aorta at the origin of the hepatic and splenic artery.
Question 6
This normal renal variant can easily be mistaken for a solid renal mass.
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Question 6 Explanation: 
Enlarged Column of Bertin
Question 7
In transverse imaging plane, it is the right side of the screen.
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Question 7 Explanation: 
Patient's Left
Question 8
A cyst within a cyst (daughter cysts) is a classic example of which of the following liver masses?
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Question 8 Explanation: 
Echinococcal (hydatid) cyst
Question 9
At the hilum of the liver, the portal vein, hepatic artery, and bile duct comprise what area?
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Question 9 Explanation: 
Porta Hepatis
Question 10
You have a four month old that presents with abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, and a palpable abdominal mass. What is the most likely pathology?
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Question 10 Explanation: 
Intussusception These are the signs and symptoms of intussusception
Question 11
The IMA supplies blood to these four organs.
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Question 11 Explanation: 
Left transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid and rectum
Question 12
A cystic mass found between the umbilicus and bladder.
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Question 12 Explanation: 
Urachal Cyst
Question 13
An artifact that results from a strong echo returning from a large acoustic interface to the transducer.  This echo returns to the tissues again, causing additional echoes parallel to the first.
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Question 13 Explanation: 
Reverberation
Question 14
What is the normal measurement for the pancreatic duct (Wirsung's duct)?
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Question 14 Explanation: 
<2mm
Question 15
Higher frequency = ________ resolution
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Question 15 Explanation: 
Higher
Question 16
A device capable of converting energy from one form to another.  The term is used to refer to the crystal and the surrounding housing.
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Question 16 Explanation: 
Transducer
Question 17
Courses along the falciform ligament.  Connects the left portal vein to other collateral vessels near the umbilicus.  This vein is only seen in the setting of portal hypertension.
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Question 17 Explanation: 
Paraumbilical Vein
Question 18
In transverse imaging plane, it is the top of the screen.
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Question 18 Explanation: 
Anterior
Question 19
A unit used to express the intensity of amplitude of sound waves; does not specify voltage.
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Question 19 Explanation: 
Decibel (dB)
Question 20
Ascites is most commonly seen in these two areas.
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Question 20 Explanation: 
Peri-colic gutters and Morrison's Pouch
Question 21
A structure that has both fluid-filled (echo-free) and solid (echogenic) areas.
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Question 21 Explanation: 
Complex
Question 22
In the coronal imaging plane, it is the top of the screen.
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Question 22 Explanation: 
Lateral
Question 23
Which renal artery is loger? Sometimes it may be see posterior to the IVC.
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Question 23 Explanation: 
Right Renal Artery
Question 24
_____ cm or larger aneurysms are indicated for repair.
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Question 24 Explanation: 
5
Question 25
Lower frequency = ______ penetration?
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Question 25 Explanation: 
Higher
Question 26
Arises just below the liver from the anterior aorta and is usually only 2 to 3 cm in length.
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Question 26 Explanation: 
Celiac Artery (axis, trunk)
Question 27
A potential space located between the liver edge and right kidney is called what?
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Question 27 Explanation: 
Morison's pouch
Question 28
In the longitudinal imaging plane (sagittal), it is the left side of the screen.
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Question 28 Explanation: 
Superior/cephalic
Question 29
A patient with a leaking aneurysm will present with pain where?
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Question 29 Explanation: 
In the back.
Question 30
Peritoneal fluid is called what?
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Question 30 Explanation: 
Ascites
Question 31
Frequency is directly proportional to _______?
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Question 31 Explanation: 
Resolution
Question 32
The SMA supplies blood to these two areas.
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Question 32 Explanation: 
The Small Intestine and the Proximal Colon.
Question 33
Artifactual echoes resulting from too much gain rather than from true anatomic structures.
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Question 33 Explanation: 
Noise
Question 34
In the coronal imaging plane, it is the bottom of the screen.
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Question 34 Explanation: 
Medial
Question 35
Name two types of aortic aneurysms.
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Question 35 Explanation: 
Fusiform and Saccular
Question 36
These result from the separation of the intima layer from the aorta.
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Question 36 Explanation: 
Dissections
Question 37
Another name for an accessory spleen.
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Question 37 Explanation: 
Splenule and/or splenunculus
Question 38
A re-cannalized paraumbilical vein may be seen as a result of what condition?
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Question 38 Explanation: 
portal hypertension
Question 39
Frequency is indirectly proportional to ________?
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Question 39 Explanation: 
Penetration
Question 40
In transverse imaging plane, it is the bottom of the screen.
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Question 40 Explanation: 
Posterior
Question 41
Dissections can lead to excrutiating chest pain and can extend into what?
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Question 41 Explanation: 
The Carotid Artery
Question 42
In the longitudinal imaging plane (sagittal), it is the right side of the screen.
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Question 42 Explanation: 
Inferior/caudal
Question 43
Helps to increase the intensity and narrow the width of the beam at a chosen depth.
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Question 43 Explanation: 
Focusing
Question 44
For fun. This question is a great conversation starter. Which organs can we live without?
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Question 44 Explanation: 
Spleen, Gallbladder, Appendix, Uterus, Ovaries, Scrotum, Prostate, One Kidney, Thyroid, both Breasts, Some Lymph nodes. some blood vessels and a sizable portion of the liver.
Question 45
In transverse imaging plane, it is the left side of the screen
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Question 45 Explanation: 
Patient's Right
Question 46
Lower frequency = _______ resolution
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Question 46 Explanation: 
Lower
Question 47
Higher frequency = ______ penetration?
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Question 47 Explanation: 
Lower
Question 48
In the longitudinal imaging plane (sagittal), it is the bottom of the screen.
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Question 48 Explanation: 
Posterior
Question 49
Descriptive term for the amount of transducer face in contact with the patient.
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Question 49 Explanation: 
Footprint. i.e. a small-head transducer has a small footprint.
Question 50
An encapsulated collection of urine is called what?
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Question 50 Explanation: 
Urinoma
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I am the founder and lead Instructor here at ExamRefresh.com. I strive to help those that are entering the field of Ultrasound to be the best that they can be. Ultrasound is my passion.

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