Ob/Gyn 20 (Ultrasound Ob/Gyn Exam Sample Questions)

Ob/Gyn

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Question 1
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), endometriosis and post operative adhesions can all cause what?
A
Ectopic Pregnancy
B
Leiomiomas
C
Tubo-Ovarian Abcess (TOA)
D
Hydrosalpinx
Question 2
A uterus that is tipped backwards.
A
Retroflexed
B
Retroverted
C
Anteverted
D
Anteflexed
Question 2 Explanation: 
Retroverted is merely tilted backwards as opposed to Retroflexed which is curved backwards.
Question 3
What growth rate should you see the gestational sac grow each day in first trimester?
A
1mm
B
\(\displaystyle{4mm}\)
C
\(\displaystyle{2mm}\)
D
\(\displaystyle{3mm}\)
Question 3 Explanation: 
This is valid up until 10 weeks gestation.
Question 4
Hematopoiesis (RBC formation), nutrient supply and the formation of the primitive gut are all functions of what structure?
A
Nuchal Fold
B
Amnion
C
Yolk sac
D
Corpus Luteum
Question 5
The Salpingeal folds are located between what structures?
A
The Fimbrae
B
Vaginal Canal/Cervix
C
Cornua
D
Endometrium/Myometrium
Question 6
What is the 5 year survival rate for stage IV ovarian cancer?
A
5%
B
<1%
C
9%
D
3%
Question 7
What lesion(s) are seen in the placenta that can cause polyhydramnios?
A
\(\displaystyle{venous lake}\)
B
\(\displaystyle{chorionic hemorrhage}\)
C
\(\displaystyle{choriocarcinoma}\)
D
chorioangioma
Question 7 Explanation: 
If a pregnant woman has excessive AFI, make sure to check the placenta extensively for this benign lesion.
Question 8
Obturator internus, levator ani and iliopsoas comprise what muscle group?
A
Major muscle groups in the female pelvis
B
Hip flexors
C
Lower back minor muscle group
D
Major muscle group of the abdominal wall
Question 9
What is an infection of the myometrium called.
A
Endometriosis
B
Salpingitis
C
Leiomioma
D
Myometritis
Question 10
The Ovum, Reporoductive cell hormones, Estrogen and Progesterone are all produced in what?
A
The Endometrium
B
The Ovaries
C
The Pituitary
D
The Uterus
Question 11
The duration of pregnancy can be calculated from what date?
A
Last day of prior menstrual period
B
First day of last Menstrual Period
C
14 days from Conception
D
Date of Conception
Question 12
What is the measurement of the cisterna magna to be considered abnormal?
A
\(\displaystyle{6mm}\)
B
\(\displaystyle{8mm}\)
C
\(\displaystyle{7mm}\)
D
10mm
Question 13
The pituitary gland sends a signal to secrete lutenizing hormone during which phase of the ovarian cycle?
A
Menstrual
B
Follicular
C
Luteal
D
Ovulatory
Question 13 Explanation: 
Also called the Proliferative phase
Question 14
This ligament occupies the space between the layers of broad ligament. It is located in front of and below the fallopian tubes.
A
The Broad Ligament
B
The Falciform Ligament
C
The Uterine Ligament
D
The Round Ligament
Question 15
Explain stage 4 ovarain cancer:
A
Cancer cells have spread outside the pelvis to other tissue or even regional lymph nodes. These cells may be found on the surface of the liver.
B
Cancer cells are found in one or both ovaries. Cancer cells may be found on the surface of the ovary or in abdominal free fluid.
C
Cancer cells have spread outside the abdomen and pelvis. They may be found within the liver, the lungs or any other organ or lymph node.
D
Cancer cells have spread to other tissue in the pelvis such as the Fallopian tubes, the Uterus or other tissue.
Question 16
20-40% of female infertility is caused by what?
A
Tubal Obstruction
B
Prior Infection
C
Congenital Anomaly
D
Retroverted Uterus
Question 17
What should be considered an abnormal measurement of the lateral ventricle from 16 weeks gestation until birth of the fetus?
A
\(\displaystyle{9mm}\)
B
10mm
C
\(\displaystyle{7mm}\)
D
\(\displaystyle{8mm}\)
Question 18
What image(s) must we provide to rule out great vessel transformation of the heart in a fetus over 18 weeks gestation?
A
\(\displaystyle{cine of 4 chamber view}\)
B
outflow tracts of the heart
C
\(\displaystyle{4 chamber view}\)
D
\(\displaystyle{cine with color Doppler of the 4 chamber view}\)
Question 19
What should the nuchal translucency measurement not be greater than?
A
\(\displaystyle{1.5mm}\)
B
3mm
C
\(\displaystyle{2.0mm}\)
Hint:
getting closer
D
\(\displaystyle{2.5mm}\)
Hint:
almost
Question 19 Explanation: 
This is only done in first trimester profile view
Question 20
What distance should the tip of the placenta be from the internal os to not be considered placenta previa?
A
2cm
B
\(\displaystyle{3cm}\)
C
\(\displaystyle{1.5cm}\)
D
\(\displaystyle{4cm}\)
Question 20 Explanation: 
If the tip of the placenta is borderline, you should always have the patient void their bladder to image an accurate placement of the placenta.
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I am the founder and lead Instructor here at ExamRefresh.com. I strive to help those that are entering the field of Ultrasound to be the best that they can be. Ultrasound is my passion.

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Comments

  1. sarla shah says:

    good selection of questions