Free Ultrasound Abdomen Questions

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Question 1
What is the most common age to contract a seminoma?
A
46-65
B
0-6
C
15-35
D
36-45
Question 2
Membranous obstruction of the IVC, hypercoagulation states, compression of Hepatic Veins (liver tumors and cirrhosis) or tumor invasion. These are all causes of what syndrome?
A
Portal Hypertension
B
Kaposi's sarcoma
C
Budd-Chiari syndrome
D
Turner Syndrome
Question 3
Focal fatty infiltration, focal fatty sparing, enlarged caudate lobe and an increase in liver echogenicity are all indicators of what?
A
Focal Nodular Hyperplasia
B
Fatty Liver Disease (FLD)
C
Cirrhosis
D
Hepatitis
Question 4
Name the "sign" associated with a dilated common bile duct. Dilated Common Bile Duct
A
Too many tubes
B
Shotgun
C
Trademark
D
Murphy's
Question 4 Explanation: 
Typically the "shotgun" sign refers to the Common Bile Duct (CBD) specifically. "Too many tubes" refers to intrahepatic ductal dilatation, this is generally the Right Lobe of the Liver and the Left Lobe of the Liver.
Question 5
Sonographically Echinococcus cysts (Hydatid disease) will have what characteristics?
A
Cystic structure with no visible capsule
B
Numerous cysts seen close together
C
Homogenous/echogenic internal echos
D
Cystic structure with a double wall
Question 6
Using Ultrasound Harmonics what change do we see in the wavelength?
A
It is halved
B
It is quartered
C
It is doubled
D
It is quadrupled
Question 7
The majority of secretions of the Adrenal Medulla and Cortex is what?
A
Bilirubin
B
TSH
C
Creatinine
D
Epinephrine
Question 8
A benign mass composed of a tangle of blood vessels in the liver is called?
A
Hamartoma
B
Ewing’s angioma
C
Hemangioma
D
Adenoma
Question 9
What structure may cause the IVC to be pushed anteriorly?
A
Lymph Nodes
B
Small Bowel
C
Spine
D
Renal Artery
Question 9 Explanation: 
A lymph node will displace the IVC, whereas the renal artery will be displaced posteriorly.
Question 10
Relating to the thyroid if the lab value for T3 and T4 is increased the value for TSH will be?
A
Increased
B
These lab values are independent of each other.
C
No change
D
Decreased
Question 10 Explanation: 
TSH is inversely related to T3 and T4.http://www.examrefresh.com/everything-you-have-ever-wanted-to-know-about-thyroid-lab-values/
Question 11
It is the most common organism causing opportunistic infection in patients with AIDS.
A
Bacterial pneumonia (BP)
B
Tuberculosis (TB)
C
Kaposi's sarcoma
D
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP)
Question 11 Explanation: 
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), as the condition is commonly termed (although the causative organism has been renamed Pneumocystis jiroveci [pronounced “yee-row-vet-zee”]), is the most common opportunistic infection in persons with HIV
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