Abdomen 20 (Ultrasound Abdomen Exam Sample Questions)

Abdomen (AB)

Congratulations - you have completed Abdomen (AB).You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%.Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%Save your results %%FORM%%

Quiz Results

  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
In this image what structure is labelled "TR"?Neck Anatomy Transverse
A
Thyroglossal fossa
B
Thyroid
C
Trachea
D
Esophagus
Question 2
Sonographically, the crus is seen as a thin _______ band.
A
Hypoechoic
B
Anechoic
C
Hyperechoic
D
Echogenic
Question 3
The Caudate lobe is located where in relation to the left lobe?
A
Medial/Lateral
B
Anterior/Lateral
C
Posterior/Medial
D
Anterior/Medial
Question 4
This unique vein carries oxygenated blood to the liver.
A
Splenic Vein
B
Hepatic Vein
C
Hepatic Artery
D
Portal Vein
Question 5
Classified as Echinococcosis (Sheepherders disease) will cause what pathology.
A
Schistosomiasis
B
Hydatid Liver Cyst
C
Portal Vein Thrombosis
D
Splenic Abcess
Question 5 Explanation: 
Echinococcosis is a tapeworm that lives in fecal matter of animals. Schistosomiasis is a parasite that is contracted from contaminated water.
Question 6
Relating to the thyroid if the lab value for TSH is increased T3 and T4 will be?
A
These lab values are independent of each other.
B
Decreased
C
No change
D
Increased
Question 6 Explanation: 
TSH is inversely related to T3 and T4.
Question 7
The ______ crus arises from the first two lumbar vertebral bodies.
A
Left
B
Right
C
Inferior
D
Main
Question 8
What is a leading cause for the abnormality is seen in this image?Splenomegaly
A
Acute Hepatitis
B
Infectious Mononucleosis
C
Hepatomegaly
D
Granulomas
Question 8 Explanation: 
The most common causes of splenomegaly in developed countries are infectious mononucleosis, splenic infiltration with cancer cells from a hematological malignancy and portal hypertension (most commonly secondary to liver disease, and Sarcoidosis). Splenomegaly may also come from bacterial infections, such as syphilis or an infection of the heart's inner lining (endocarditis).
Question 9
Associated with hepatic adenomas this disease disorder of carbohydrate metabolism is indistinguishable from other causes of fatty infiltration.
A
Hepatocelullar Carcinoma
B
Cirrhosis
C
Glycogen Storage Disease
D
Focal Fatty Sparing
Question 10
Which anatomical location is seen in this image?Porta Hepatis
A
Porta Hepatis
B
Morrison's Pouch
C
Main Lobar Fissure
D
Porta venosum
Question 11
The _______ crus of the diaphragm arises from the lateral aspect of the first three lumbar vertebral bodies.
A
Inferior
B
Main
C
Left
D
Right
Question 12
Which is the most common malignant liver tumor?
A
Metastatic cancer
B
Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC)
C
Focal nodular hyperplasia
D
Hepatic adenoma
Question 12 Explanation: 
is the most common primary liver tumor, but most liver tumors originate in another organ.
Question 13
What pathology can displace the IVC to the right?
A
Left renal mass
B
Aortic Aneurism
C
Right renal artery aneurysm
D
Liver mass
Question 13 Explanation: 
IVC displacement: A liver mass will displace the IVC posteriorly A Right Renal Artery aneurism will displace the IVC anteriorly A tortuous aorta will displace the IVC to the right A Right Renal mass will displace the IVC medially A Right Adrenal mass will displace the IVC medially/anteriorly Lymphadenopathy will displace the IVC and the SMA Anteriorly
Question 14
When blood passage through the liver is impeded due to fibrosis the increased pressure is known as?
A
Portal Vein thrombosus
B
Portal Vein stenosis
C
Portal hypertension
D
Hepatic Artery stenosis
Question 15
Outflow obstruction (thrombotic or non-thrombotic) of the Hepatic Veins is what?
A
Thrombocytopenia
B
Budd-Chiari syndrome
C
Hepatomegaly
D
Portal Vein Hypertension
Question 16
Relating to the thyroid if the lab value for TSH is decreased T3 and T4 will be?
A
Increased
B
These lab values are independent of each other.
C
Decreased
D
No change
Question 16 Explanation: 
TSH is inversely related to T3 and T4.
Question 17
An accessory spleen is most often found where?Accessory Spleen / Splenule
A
In the mesentery
B
In the gastrosplenic ligament
C
In the splenic hylum
D
In the greater omentum
Question 17 Explanation: 
The most common variant of the spleen will actually be an accessory structure. These accessory spleens (also known as splenules, supernumerary spleens or splenunculus) are frequently found at the splenic hilum (most common), gastrolienal ligament and/or greater omentum. These are small nodules of splenic tissue which are either isolated or connected to the spleen by thin bands of splenic tissue. They range in size from little like a pea to large like a plum.
Question 18
Focal Fatty Sparing is usually seen where?
A
Quadrate Lobe
B
Caudate Lobe
C
Surrounding Hepatic Veins
D
Surface of liver
Question 19
Right, left, and caudate are the 3 lobes of the liver in what system?
A
Lobar
B
Couinaud
C
Physiological
D
Qudrate
Question 19 Explanation: 
Couinaud divides the liver into 8 segments
Question 20
Focal Fatty Sparing is usually seen where?
A
Surface of liver
B
Periportal Region
C
Surrounding Hepatic Veins
D
Quadrate Lobe
Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. Get Results
There are 20 questions to complete.
List
Return
Shaded items are complete.
12345
678910
1112131415
1617181920
End
Return

The following two tabs change content below.
I am the founder and lead Instructor here at ExamRefresh.com. I strive to help those that are entering the field of Ultrasound to be the best that they can be. Ultrasound is my passion.

Latest posts by Franco (see all)