Abdomen 10 (Ultrasound Abdomen Exam Sample Questions)

Abdomen (AB)

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Question 1
Usually the result of ischemic bowel (chrohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis) this will appear as echogenic linear structures in the periphery of the liver.
A
Pneumobilia
B
Pneumothorax
C
Hepatic Portal Vein Gas (HPVG)
D
Pneumoperitoneum
Question 2
Lipomas, cavernous hemangiomas and focal nodular hyperplasia are what type of liver lesions?
A
Malignant
B
Secondary
C
Cancerous
D
Benign
Question 3
After infrarenal aorta, iliac artery and splenic artery this is the fourth most common site for aneurysm in the abdomen.
A
Superior Mesenteric Artery
B
Renal Artery
C
Hepatic Artery
D
Suprarenal Aorta
Question 3 Explanation: 
Turbulent flow within a sonolucent mass in the right upper quadrant. Ultrasound investigation will be difficult If the aneurysm is calcified.
Question 4
This image shows this branch of the Aorta.The Celiac Access
A
Splenic Artery
B
Common Hepatic Artery
C
Left Gastric Artery
D
Celiac Access
Question 5
Right, left, and caudate are the 3 lobes of the liver in what system?
A
Physiological
B
Qudrate
C
Lobar
D
Couinaud
Question 5 Explanation: 
Couinaud divides the liver into 8 segments
Question 6
Small, non-shadowing foci and extensive replacement of normal hepatic tissue by echogenic areas representing dense calcifications is a typical sonographic finding of what pathology.
A
Kaposi's sarcoma
B
Lymphoma
C
Schistosomiasis
D
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
Question 7
The majority of secretions of the Adrenal Medulla and Cortex is what?
A
Creatinine
B
Bilirubin
C
Epinephrine
D
TSH
Question 7 Explanation: 
The Adrenal Medulla and Cortex secrete approximately 20% norepinephrine and 80% epinephrine.
Question 8
In patients who develop portal hypertension, the portal blood flow becomes ______________ instead of ___________________.
A
Hepatopedal, hepatofugal
B
Hepatofugal, hepatopedal
C
Hepatofugal, Hepatofugal
D
Hepatopetal, hepatofluge
Question 9
Classified as Echinococcosis (Sheepherders disease) will cause what pathology.
A
Splenic Abscess
B
Portal Vein Thrombosis
C
Schistosomiasis
D
Hydatid Liver Cyst
Question 9 Explanation: 
Echinococcosis is a tapeworm that lives in fecal matter of animals. Schistosomiasis is a parasite that is contracted from contaminated water.
Question 10
This rare benign tumor generally is isoechoic to the liver with the appearance of a hepatic adenoma. The differentiating factor will be a central stellate scar.
A
Lipoma
B
Focal Nodular Hyperplasia
C
Cavernous hemangioma
D
Hepatoma
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