Ultrasound Abdomen  Flashcards. Read the Question then click “show answer” to see the answer.

Abdomen Flash Cards

Question 1
An encapsulated collection of urine is called what?
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Question 1 Explanation: 
Urinoma
Question 2
In the coronal imaging plane, it is the top of the screen.
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Question 2 Explanation: 
Lateral
Question 3
Higher frequency = ______ penetration?
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Question 3 Explanation: 
Lower
Question 4
Which renal artery is loger? Sometimes it may be see posterior to the IVC.
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Question 4 Explanation: 
Right Renal Artery
Question 5
In transverse imaging plane, it is the bottom of the screen.
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Question 5 Explanation: 
Posterior
Question 6
Ascites is most commonly seen in these two areas.
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Question 6 Explanation: 
Peri-colic gutters and Morrison's Pouch
Question 7
This normal renal variant can easily be mistaken for a solid renal mass.
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Question 7 Explanation: 
Enlarged Column of Bertin
Question 8
Helps to increase the intensity and narrow the width of the beam at a chosen depth.
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Question 8 Explanation: 
Focusing
Question 9
Higher frequency = ________ resolution
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Question 9 Explanation: 
Higher
Question 10
These result from the separation of the intima layer from the aorta.
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Question 10 Explanation: 
Dissections
Question 11
Name two types of aortic aneurysms.
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Question 11 Explanation: 
Fusiform and Saccular
Question 12
A cyst within a cyst (daughter cysts) is a classic example of which of the following liver masses?
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Question 12 Explanation: 
Echinococcal (hydatid) cyst
Question 13
Peritoneal fluid is called what?
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Question 13 Explanation: 
Ascites
Question 14
You have a four month old that presents with abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, and a palpable abdominal mass. What is the most likely pathology?
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Question 14 Explanation: 
Intussusception These are the signs and symptoms of intussusception
Question 15
In the longitudinal imaging plane (sagittal), it is the left side of the screen.
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Question 15 Explanation: 
Superior/cephalic
Question 16
Descriptive term for the amount of transducer face in contact with the patient.
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Question 16 Explanation: 
Footprint. i.e. a small-head transducer has a small footprint.
Question 17
Lower frequency = _______ resolution
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Question 17 Explanation: 
Lower
Question 18
A gallbladder packed with stones could potentially cast this distinct ultrasound sign.
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Question 18 Explanation: 
WES (Wall - Echo - Shadow)
Question 19
Artifactual echoes resulting from too much gain rather than from true anatomic structures.
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Question 19 Explanation: 
Noise
Question 20
A device capable of converting energy from one form to another.  The term is used to refer to the crystal and the surrounding housing.
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Question 20 Explanation: 
Transducer
Question 21
For fun. This question is a great conversation starter. Which organs can we live without?
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Question 21 Explanation: 
Spleen, Gallbladder, Appendix, Uterus, Ovaries, Scrotum, Prostate, One Kidney, Thyroid, both Breasts, Some Lymph nodes. some blood vessels and a sizable portion of the liver.
Question 22
_____ cm or larger aneurysms are indicated for repair.
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Question 22 Explanation: 
5
Question 23
Another name for an accessory spleen.
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Question 23 Explanation: 
Splenule and/or splenunculus
Question 24
A cystic mass found between the umbilicus and bladder.
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Question 24 Explanation: 
Urachal Cyst
Question 25
In the longitudinal (sagittal) imaging plane, it is the top of the screen
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Question 25 Explanation: 
Anterior
Question 26
At the hilum of the liver, the portal vein, hepatic artery, and bile duct comprise what area?
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Question 26 Explanation: 
Porta Hepatis
Question 27
In the longitudinal imaging plane (sagittal), it is the bottom of the screen.
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Question 27 Explanation: 
Posterior
Question 28
In transverse imaging plane, it is the left side of the screen
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Question 28 Explanation: 
Patient's Right
Question 29
Lower frequency = ______ penetration?
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Question 29 Explanation: 
Higher
Question 30
A structure that has both fluid-filled (echo-free) and solid (echogenic) areas.
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Question 30 Explanation: 
Complex
Question 31
In transverse imaging plane, it is the right side of the screen.
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Question 31 Explanation: 
Patient's Left
Question 32
An aortic aneurysm is identified when the aorta is over ______ cm's or larger in any dimension.
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Question 32 Explanation: 
3
Question 33
Arises just below the liver from the anterior aorta and is usually only 2 to 3 cm in length.
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Question 33 Explanation: 
Celiac Artery (axis, trunk)
Question 34
Dissections can lead to excrutiating chest pain and can extend into what?
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Question 34 Explanation: 
The Carotid Artery
Question 35
A patient with a leaking aneurysm will present with pain where?
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Question 35 Explanation: 
In the back.
Question 36
The IMA supplies blood to these four organs.
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Question 36 Explanation: 
Left transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid and rectum
Question 37
What is the normal measurement for the pancreatic duct (Wirsung's duct)?
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Question 37 Explanation: 
<2mm
Question 38
A unit used to express the intensity of amplitude of sound waves; does not specify voltage.
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Question 38 Explanation: 
Decibel (dB)
Question 39
Frequency is directly proportional to _______?
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Question 39 Explanation: 
Resolution
Question 40
In the longitudinal imaging plane (sagittal), it is the right side of the screen.
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Question 40 Explanation: 
Inferior/caudal
Question 41
In the coronal imaging plane, it is the bottom of the screen.
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Question 41 Explanation: 
Medial
Question 42
The SMA supplies blood to these two areas.
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Question 42 Explanation: 
The Small Intestine and the Proximal Colon.
Question 43
One of the main reasons to perform a Chest Sonogram is to evaluate for what?
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Question 43 Explanation: 
Pleural Effusion
Question 44
An artifact that results from a strong echo returning from a large acoustic interface to the transducer.  This echo returns to the tissues again, causing additional echoes parallel to the first.
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Question 44 Explanation: 
Reverberation
Question 45
Frequency is indirectly proportional to ________?
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Question 45 Explanation: 
Penetration
Question 46
Courses along the falciform ligament.  Connects the left portal vein to other collateral vessels near the umbilicus.  This vein is only seen in the setting of portal hypertension.
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Question 46 Explanation: 
Paraumbilical Vein
Question 47
A potential space located between the liver edge and right kidney is called what?
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Question 47 Explanation: 
Morison's pouch
Question 48
In transverse imaging plane, it is the top of the screen.
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Question 48 Explanation: 
Anterior
Question 49
A re-cannalized paraumbilical vein may be seen as a result of what condition?
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Question 49 Explanation: 
portal hypertension
Question 50
The "Seagull Sign" is seen where?
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Question 50 Explanation: 
Arising from the aorta at the origin of the hepatic and splenic artery.
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