Ultrasound Abdomen  Flashcards. Read the Question then click “show answer” to see the answer.

Abdomen Flash Cards

Question 1
A device capable of converting energy from one form to another.  The term is used to refer to the crystal and the surrounding housing.
A
Show Answer
Question 1 Explanation: 
Transducer
Question 2
Helps to increase the intensity and narrow the width of the beam at a chosen depth.
A
Show Answer
Question 2 Explanation: 
Focusing
Question 3
For fun. This question is a great conversation starter. Which organs can we live without?
A
Show Answer
Question 3 Explanation: 
Spleen, Gallbladder, Appendix, Uterus, Ovaries, Scrotum, Prostate, One Kidney, Thyroid, both Breasts, Some Lymph nodes. some blood vessels and a sizable portion of the liver.
Question 4
In transverse imaging plane, it is the left side of the screen
A
Show Answer
Question 4 Explanation: 
Patient's Right
Question 5
Dissections can lead to excrutiating chest pain and can extend into what?
A
Show Answer
Question 5 Explanation: 
The Carotid Artery
Question 6
In transverse imaging plane, it is the top of the screen.
A
Show Answer
Question 6 Explanation: 
Anterior
Question 7
Frequency is indirectly proportional to ________?
A
Show Answer
Question 7 Explanation: 
Penetration
Question 8
_____ cm or larger aneurysms are indicated for repair.
A
Show Answer
Question 8 Explanation: 
5
Question 9
An encapsulated collection of urine is called what?
A
Show Answer
Question 9 Explanation: 
Urinoma
Question 10
Lower frequency = ______ penetration?
A
Show Answer
Question 10 Explanation: 
Higher
Question 11
Courses along the falciform ligament.  Connects the left portal vein to other collateral vessels near the umbilicus.  This vein is only seen in the setting of portal hypertension.
A
Show Answer
Question 11 Explanation: 
Paraumbilical Vein
Question 12
Frequency is directly proportional to _______?
A
Show Answer
Question 12 Explanation: 
Resolution
Question 13
What is the normal measurement for the pancreatic duct (Wirsung's duct)?
A
Show Answer
Question 13 Explanation: 
<2mm
Question 14
Ascites is most commonly seen in these two areas.
A
Show Answer
Question 14 Explanation: 
Peri-colic gutters and Morrison's Pouch
Question 15
A re-cannalized paraumbilical vein may be seen as a result of what condition?
A
Show Answer
Question 15 Explanation: 
portal hypertension
Question 16
Name two types of aortic aneurysms.
A
Show Answer
Question 16 Explanation: 
Fusiform and Saccular
Question 17
A patient with a leaking aneurysm will present with pain where?
A
Show Answer
Question 17 Explanation: 
In the back.
Question 18
In the longitudinal imaging plane (sagittal), it is the left side of the screen.
A
Show Answer
Question 18 Explanation: 
Superior/cephalic
Question 19
A structure that has both fluid-filled (echo-free) and solid (echogenic) areas.
A
Show Answer
Question 19 Explanation: 
Complex
Question 20
One of the main reasons to perform a Chest Sonogram is to evaluate for what?
A
Show Answer
Question 20 Explanation: 
Pleural Effusion
Question 21
In the coronal imaging plane, it is the bottom of the screen.
A
Show Answer
Question 21 Explanation: 
Medial
Question 22
Artifactual echoes resulting from too much gain rather than from true anatomic structures.
A
Show Answer
Question 22 Explanation: 
Noise
Question 23
In transverse imaging plane, it is the right side of the screen.
A
Show Answer
Question 23 Explanation: 
Patient's Left
Question 24
A cystic mass found between the umbilicus and bladder.
A
Show Answer
Question 24 Explanation: 
Urachal Cyst
Question 25
A unit used to express the intensity of amplitude of sound waves; does not specify voltage.
A
Show Answer
Question 25 Explanation: 
Decibel (dB)
Question 26
A potential space located between the liver edge and right kidney is called what?
A
Show Answer
Question 26 Explanation: 
Morison's pouch
Question 27
You have a four month old that presents with abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, and a palpable abdominal mass. What is the most likely pathology?
A
Show Answer
Question 27 Explanation: 
Intussusception These are the signs and symptoms of intussusception
Question 28
Lower frequency = _______ resolution
A
Show Answer
Question 28 Explanation: 
Lower
Question 29
Higher frequency = ______ penetration?
A
Show Answer
Question 29 Explanation: 
Lower
Question 30
In the coronal imaging plane, it is the top of the screen.
A
Show Answer
Question 30 Explanation: 
Lateral
Question 31
A cyst within a cyst (daughter cysts) is a classic example of which of the following liver masses?
A
Show Answer
Question 31 Explanation: 
Echinococcal (hydatid) cyst
Question 32
In transverse imaging plane, it is the bottom of the screen.
A
Show Answer
Question 32 Explanation: 
Posterior
Question 33
These result from the separation of the intima layer from the aorta.
A
Show Answer
Question 33 Explanation: 
Dissections
Question 34
Descriptive term for the amount of transducer face in contact with the patient.
A
Show Answer
Question 34 Explanation: 
Footprint. i.e. a small-head transducer has a small footprint.
Question 35
Peritoneal fluid is called what?
A
Show Answer
Question 35 Explanation: 
Ascites
Question 36
The "Seagull Sign" is seen where?
A
Show Answer
Question 36 Explanation: 
Arising from the aorta at the origin of the hepatic and splenic artery.
Question 37
The IMA supplies blood to these four organs.
A
Show Answer
Question 37 Explanation: 
Left transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid and rectum
Question 38
Which renal artery is loger? Sometimes it may be see posterior to the IVC.
A
Show Answer
Question 38 Explanation: 
Right Renal Artery
Question 39
In the longitudinal (sagittal) imaging plane, it is the top of the screen
A
Show Answer
Question 39 Explanation: 
Anterior
Question 40
Higher frequency = ________ resolution
A
Show Answer
Question 40 Explanation: 
Higher
Question 41
An artifact that results from a strong echo returning from a large acoustic interface to the transducer.  This echo returns to the tissues again, causing additional echoes parallel to the first.
A
Show Answer
Question 41 Explanation: 
Reverberation
Question 42
A gallbladder packed with stones could potentially cast this distinct ultrasound sign.
A
Show Answer
Question 42 Explanation: 
WES (Wall - Echo - Shadow)
Question 43
An aortic aneurysm is identified when the aorta is over ______ cm's or larger in any dimension.
A
Show Answer
Question 43 Explanation: 
3
Question 44
This normal renal variant can easily be mistaken for a solid renal mass.
A
Show Answer
Question 44 Explanation: 
Enlarged Column of Bertin
Question 45
In the longitudinal imaging plane (sagittal), it is the right side of the screen.
A
Show Answer
Question 45 Explanation: 
Inferior/caudal
Question 46
At the hilum of the liver, the portal vein, hepatic artery, and bile duct comprise what area?
A
Show Answer
Question 46 Explanation: 
Porta Hepatis
Question 47
Another name for an accessory spleen.
A
Show Answer
Question 47 Explanation: 
Splenule and/or splenunculus
Question 48
Arises just below the liver from the anterior aorta and is usually only 2 to 3 cm in length.
A
Show Answer
Question 48 Explanation: 
Celiac Artery (axis, trunk)
Question 49
In the longitudinal imaging plane (sagittal), it is the bottom of the screen.
A
Show Answer
Question 49 Explanation: 
Posterior
Question 50
The SMA supplies blood to these two areas.
A
Show Answer
Question 50 Explanation: 
The Small Intestine and the Proximal Colon.
There are 50 questions to complete.
List
Return
Shaded items are complete.
12345
678910
1112131415
1617181920
2122232425
2627282930
3132333435
3637383940
4142434445
4647484950
Return

The following two tabs change content below.
I am the founder and lead Instructor here at ExamRefresh.com. I strive to help those that are entering the field of Ultrasound to be the best that they can be. Ultrasound is my passion.

Latest posts by Franco (see all)

Speak Your Mind