Free Ultrasound Ob/Gyn Questions

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Question 1
The benign invasion of the endometrium into the muscular layer of the uterus.
A
Adenomyosis
B
Endometrial Hyperplasia
C
Leiomiomas
D
Fibroid Uterus
Question 1 Explanation: 
Adenomyosis is sometimes called Endometriosis Interna. Adenomyosis is specifically endometriosis that is located in the myometrium. Endometriosis is classified as functional endometrial tissue that is outside of the uterus.
Question 2
What is the most common benign finding in the cervix?
A
Thecoma
B
Arrhenoblastoma
C
Nabothian Cysts
D
Fibroid
Question 3
Any patient diagnosed with PID will have a greater risk of what complication?
A
Theca Lutein Cysts
B
Endometrial Hyperplasia
C
Endometriosis
D
Ectopic Pregnancy
Question 4
Regulation of body temperature and protection against injury is the function of what?
A
Amniotic Fluid
B
Abdominal Wall
C
Placenta
D
Chorion
Question 5
The ovaries are located in the?
A
Pelvic Floor
B
Retroperitoneum
C
Waldeyer's Fossa
D
Morrison's Pouch
Question 5 Explanation: 
The ovaries usually located lateral to the uterus, above and medial to the hypogastric vessels, lying in the area called "Waldeyer's fossa." or the "Ovarian fossa".
Question 6
A sonographic "sign" depicted here shows the correct location for a fetal profile.1st trimester fetal profile with nasal bones
A
The "equal" sign
B
The "nuchal" sign
C
The "shotgun" sign
D
The "plus" sign
Question 6 Explanation: 
The protocol for an ultrasound evaluation of the nasal bone is shown in the image. The fetal profile needs to be insonated in the midline plane. This is determined by visualizing the following fetal structures: the hypoechoic region of the thalamus, pons, and medulla oblongata, the echogenic line over the nasal bridge representing the skin, and an echogenic line that is located anteriorly and slightly superiorly to the nasal bridge, which represents the skin over the nasal tip. If the nasal bone is present, an echogenic line is also seen within the substance of the nasal bridge. This line is approximately parallel to the line representing the nasal bridge skin. These two lines form a so-called equal sign. The echogenicity of the nasal bone needs to be greater than that of the skin in order for the nasal bone to be identified as present. The reason for this requirement is that even if the nasal bone is not ossified (i.e. sonographically absent), a very faint echodense line may be seen within the nasal bridge.
Question 7
Implantation occurs ___ days after ovulation?
A
7-9 days
B
5-7 days
C
10-14 days
D
3-4 days
Question 8
What syndrome describes the effect of the uterine wall sticking together due to the lack of endometrium.
A
Endometrial Hypoplasia
B
Endometriosis
C
Atherman's Syndrome
D
Patau's Syndrome
Question 9
When the Rhombencephalon divides into 2 segments the Metencephalon (Cephalic portion) and the Myelencephalon (Caudal component) what is formed?
A
The 3rd and 4th ventricle
B
The Cerebellum
C
The Hind Brain
D
The Choroid Plexus
Question 10
These Muscles pass out from the pelvis through the Sciatic Foramina to attach to the Greator Tuberosity of the Femor.
A
The Superior and Inferior Gemellus Muscles
B
Obturator Externus
C
Quadratus Femoris
D
The Piriformis and Obturator Internus muscles
Question 11
What percentage of Teratomas are malignant?
A
25%
B
30%
C
12%
D
<3%
Question 11 Explanation: 
Approximately 30% are malignant, especially if found in the pre-adolescent female.
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