Free Ultrasound Abdomen Questions

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Question 1
Name the "sign" associated with a dilated common bile duct. Dilated Common Bile Duct
A
Murphy's
B
Shotgun
C
Too many tubes
D
Trademark
Question 1 Explanation: 
Typically the "shotgun" sign refers to the Common Bile Duct (CBD) specifically. "Too many tubes" refers to intrahepatic ductal dilatation, this is generally the Right Lobe of the Liver and the Left Lobe of the Liver.
Question 2
What is the most common age to contract a seminoma?
A
0-6
B
46-65
C
15-35
D
36-45
Question 3
It is the most common organism causing opportunistic infection in patients with AIDS.
A
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP)
B
Kaposi's sarcoma
C
Tuberculosis (TB)
D
Bacterial pneumonia (BP)
Question 3 Explanation: 
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), as the condition is commonly termed (although the causative organism has been renamed Pneumocystis jiroveci [pronounced “yee-row-vet-zee”]), is the most common opportunistic infection in persons with HIV
Question 4
Relating to the thyroid if the lab value for T3 and T4 is increased the value for TSH will be?
A
No change
B
Increased
C
These lab values are independent of each other.
D
Decreased
Question 4 Explanation: 
TSH is inversely related to T3 and T4.http://www.examrefresh.com/everything-you-have-ever-wanted-to-know-about-thyroid-lab-values/
Question 5
A benign mass composed of a tangle of blood vessels in the liver is called?
A
Ewing’s angioma
B
Adenoma
C
Hamartoma
D
Hemangioma
Question 6
What structure may cause the IVC to be pushed anteriorly?
A
Small Bowel
B
Spine
C
Lymph Nodes
D
Renal Artery
Question 6 Explanation: 
A lymph node will displace the IVC, whereas the renal artery will be displaced posteriorly.
Question 7
Membranous obstruction of the IVC, hypercoagulation states, compression of Hepatic Veins (liver tumors and cirrhosis) or tumor invasion. These are all causes of what syndrome?
A
Kaposi's sarcoma
B
Turner Syndrome
C
Budd-Chiari syndrome
D
Portal Hypertension
Question 8
Using Ultrasound Harmonics what change do we see in the wavelength?
A
It is quadrupled
B
It is halved
C
It is quartered
D
It is doubled
Question 9
The majority of secretions of the Adrenal Medulla and Cortex is what?
A
Creatinine
B
Bilirubin
C
Epinephrine
D
TSH
Question 10
Sonographically Echinococcus cysts (Hydatid disease) will have what characteristics?
A
Homogenous/echogenic internal echos
B
Cystic structure with no visible capsule
C
Numerous cysts seen close together
D
Cystic structure with a double wall
Question 11
Focal fatty infiltration, focal fatty sparing, enlarged caudate lobe and an increase in liver echogenicity are all indicators of what?
A
Fatty Liver Disease (FLD)
B
Focal Nodular Hyperplasia
C
Hepatitis
D
Cirrhosis
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