Abdomen 20 (Ultrasound Abdomen Exam Sample Questions)

Abdomen (AB)

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Question 1
What are the small liver and/or splenic calcifications that are seen in patients who have had histoplasmosis (small spore that is inhaled) or tuberculosis?
A
Calcinosis
B
Lipoma
C
Carcinoma
D
Granuloma
Question 2
Wheel within a wheel, bull's eye, uniformly hypoechoic focus or an echogenic focus are all typical findings with what?
A
Candidiasis
B
Empyema
C
Chryptochordism
D
Pylonephrosis
Question 3
In this image what structure is labelled "L"?Neck Anatomy Transverse
A
Esophagus
B
Sternocleidomastoid
C
Parathyroid
D
Longus Colli
Question 4
In this image what structure is labelled "SC"?Neck Anatomy Transverse
A
Cervical Lymph Node
B
Sternocleidomastoid Muscle
C
Submandibular Gland
D
Strap Muscle
Question 5
In this image what structure is labelled "E"?Neck Anatomy Transverse
A
Parathyroid
B
External Jugular Vein
C
Esophagus
D
External Carotid Artery
Question 6
In relation to the right kidney the echotexture/echogenicity of the liver should be smooth throughout and what?
A
Hyperechoic
B
Isoechoic
C
Hypoechoic
D
Anechoic
Question 7
The thickening of the wall in this image is due to what? Patient is not NPO.Normal Contracted Gallbladder
A
Cholelithiasis
B
Chronic Cholecystitis
C
Normal Contraction of the Gallbladder
D
Acute Cholecystitis
Question 7 Explanation: 
With a patient that has eaten recently a contracted Gallbladder is a normal finding.
Question 8
During an examination a patient is found to have an enlarged, hypoechoic liver with hyperechoic portal and hepatic vein walls. What would the most likely etiology be?
A
Intra-hepatic ductal dilatation
B
Acute hepatitis
C
Hepatomegaly
D
Chronic hepatitis
Question 9
The normal Doppler velocity pattern of the inferior vena cava is?
A
Resistive
B
Biphasic
C
Triphasic
D
Cyclical
Question 10
The obliterated umbilical vein travels to the liver from the umbilicus through which structure?
A
Ductus Venosus
B
Ligamentum Venosum
C
Ligamentum Teres
D
Portal Vein
Question 10 Explanation: 
Within a week of birth, the infant's umbilical vein is completely obliterated and is replaced by a fibrous cord called the round ligament of the liver (also called ligamentum teres hepatis). It extends from the umbilicus to the transverse fissure, where it joins with the falciform ligament of the liver to separate the left and right lobes of the liver. Closure of the umbilical vein usually occurs after the umbilical arteries have closed. This prolongs the communication between the placenta and fetal heart, allowing for a sort of autotransfusion of remaining blood from the placenta to the fetus.
Question 11
What is the most common age to contract a seminoma?
A
15-35
B
0-6
C
46-65
D
36-45
Question 12
Central area of the medial aspect of the spleen where vessels enter or exit
A
Splenic Hilum
B
Accessory spleen
C
Splenule
D
Splenic infarct
Question 13
What are the 3 Hepatic Veins?
A
Right / Left / Superior
B
Right / Left / Middle
C
Right / Left / Inferior
D
Medial / Lateral / Main
Question 14
The Right lobe of the liver is divided into what two segments?
A
Anterior/Lateral
B
Superior/Inferior
C
Medial/Lateral
D
Anterior/Posterior
Question 15
Classified as Echinococcosis (Sheepherders disease) will cause what pathology.
A
Hydatid Liver Cyst
B
Splenic Abscess
C
Portal Vein Thrombosis
D
Schistosomiasis
Question 15 Explanation: 
Echinococcosis is a tapeworm that lives in fecal matter of animals. Schistosomiasis is a parasite that is contracted from contaminated water.
Question 16
Relating to the thyroid if the lab value for T3 and T4 is increased the value for TSH will be?
A
Increased
B
These lab values are independent of each other.
C
No change
D
Decreased
Question 16 Explanation: 
TSH is inversely related to T3 and T4.
Question 17
Name the large vessels seen here.Hepatic Veins
A
Middle Hepatic Vein, Left Hepatic Vein
B
Left Hepatic Vein, Right Hepatic Vein
C
Middle Hepatic Vein, Right Hepatic Vein
D
Middle Hepatic Vein, Main Portal Vein
Question 18
Name the condition shown here. Patient is a 58 year old male.Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD)
A
Polycystic kidney disease
B
Liver abcess
C
Cholelithiasis
Question 18 Explanation: 
This is specifically Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). In autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) you would mainly see in an infant.
Question 19
Of the following, which is a cause of Cirrhosis?
A
Renal insufficiency
B
Portal Hypertension
C
Obesity
D
Splenomegaly
Question 19 Explanation: 
Cirrhosis is a hepatocellular disease that results from injury to the liver.
Question 20
Late in the disease process this scar formation from calcification is seen.
A
Hematoma
B
Calcinosis
C
Echogenic focus
D
Hemangioma
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