Abdomen 10 (Ultrasound Abdomen Exam Sample Questions)

Abdomen (AB)

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Question 1
The thickening of the wall in this image is due to what? The patient is NPO X 8 hours and has a positive Murphy's sign.Normal Contracted Gallbladder
A
Acute Cholecystitis
B
Chronic Cholecystitis
C
Normal Contraction of the Gallbladder
D
Cholelithiasis
Question 1 Explanation: 
With a patient that has been NPO for 8 hours you should find a completely distended Gallbladder. Acute cholecystitis should be suspected.
Question 2
Of the following, which is a cause of Cirrhosis?
A
Renal insufficiency
B
Portal Hypertension
C
Obesity
D
Splenomegaly
Question 2 Explanation: 
Cirrhosis is a hepatocellular disease that results from injury to the liver.
Question 3
The pathology seen in this image is uncommon, especially in countries without endemic hydatid disease. What is the finding?Splenic cyst
A
Simple Cyst
B
Hydatid Cyst
C
Abcess
D
Splenule
Question 3 Explanation: 
Non-Parasitic Cysts of the spleen have generally been categorised as either true epidermoid cysts or false pseudocysts based on the presence of absence of an epithelial lining. Epidermoid cysts are widely held to be congenital, 80% appearing in patients aged under 20, while pseudocysts are thought to be post-traumatic.
Question 4
A parasite (Echinococcus granulosus) found in the spleen. Generally transmitted from sheep or cattle.
A
Echinococcus Cyst
B
Pyogenic abscess
C
Empyema
D
Amebic abscess
Question 4 Explanation: 
Hydatid disease
Question 5
Candidiasis will take on this appearance when the hypoechoic center calcifies.
A
Hypoechoic
B
Cystic
C
Bull's eye
D
Isoechoic
Question 6
This unique vein carries oxygenated blood to the liver.
A
Portal Vein
B
Hepatic Vein
C
Splenic Vein
D
Hepatic Artery
Question 7
In this image what structure lies anterior to the Aorta and posterior to the IVC? Crus of the Diaphragm
A
Crus of the Diaphragm
B
Right Renal Artery
C
Pancreas
D
Lymph node chain
Question 8
This tumor is the most common liver mass seen on ultrasound. Usually asymptomatic.
A
Cavernous hemangioma
B
Lipoma
C
Focal Nodular Hyperplasia
D
Hepatoma
Question 9
It is the most common organism causing opportunistic infection in patients with AIDS.
A
Tuberculosis (TB)
B
Kaposi's sarcoma
C
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP)
D
Bacterial pneumonia (BP)
Question 9 Explanation: 
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), as the condition is commonly termed (although the causative organism has been renamed Pneumocystis jiroveci [pronounced “yee-row-vet-zee”]), is the most common opportunistic infection in persons with HIV
Question 10
In Lobar anatomy, there are how many lobes of the liver?
A
3
B
6
C
8
D
4
Question 10 Explanation: 
Right, Left and Caudate. Couinaud divides the liver into 8 segments.
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