Abdomen 10 (Ultrasound Abdomen Exam Sample Questions)

Abdomen (AB)

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Question 1
Name the condition shown here. Patient is a 58 year old male.Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD)
A
Polycystic kidney disease
B
Liver abcess
C
Cholelithiasis
Question 1 Explanation: 
This is specifically Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). In autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) you would mainly see in an infant.
Question 2
What typical characteristic of this pathology do we see here?Gallstones
A
Enhancement
B
Propagation speed error
C
Reverb artifact
D
Shadowing
Question 3
This term will describe a lesion with an out layer that is hypoechoic, a middle layer that is echogenic and a hypoechoic center.
A
Isoechoic
B
Wheel within a wheel
C
Hypoechoic
D
Cystic
Question 4
In this image what structure is labelled "TR"?Neck Anatomy Transverse
A
Thyroid
B
Trachea
C
Thyroglossal fossa
D
Esophagus
Question 5
Name the pathology seen here. *Hint: Color flow shows classic Twinkle artifactUrethral stone seen at the prostate, ultrasound
A
Kidney Stone
B
Urethral Stone
C
Foley Catheter
D
Ureteral Stone
Question 6
Hepatitis is literally described as what?
A
Inflammation of the liver
B
Intra-hepatic ductal dilatation
C
Hepatomegaly
D
Hepato/Splenomegaly
Question 7
What are the longitudinal boundaries of the 4 hepatic segments?
A
Hepatic Veins
B
Portal Veins
C
Falciform ligament/Ligamentum Venosum
D
Main Lobar Fissure
Question 8
Right, left, and caudate are the 3 lobes of the liver in what system?
A
Couinaud
B
Physiological
C
Qudrate
D
Lobar
Question 8 Explanation: 
Couinaud divides the liver into 8 segments
Question 9
This sign seen in the liver at the confluence of the middle and right hepatic vein is typically called what?Right and Middle Hepatic veins also known as 'Playboy bunny'/rabbit sign
A
Morrison's sign
B
Shotgun sign
C
Playboy Bunny sign
D
Velveteen Rabbit sign
Question 9 Explanation: 
The Playboy Bunny sign is also known as a Mumoli's sign. Though typically we are taught the bunny or deer sign.
Question 10
The bowel wall is composed of how many layers?
A
3
B
5
C
4
D
9
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